Zambia takes its name from the Zambezi River, which rises in the north-west corner of the country and forms its southern boundary. A landlocked country of 752,618 sq. kms mostly plateau with some hills and mountains dissected by rivers, it owes its odd butterfly shape to the colonial powers that divided Africa between them.
With only 13 million people in a country half the size of Europe, it has one of the lowest population-to-land ratios in Africa. With over 70 different tribes and languages, there is wide cultural diversity and unlike other African countries very little tribal animosity. Zambia gained independence in 1964, became a multi-party democracy in 1991 and has remained a peaceful country.
The Zambian economy has historically been based on the copper mining industry. However the Zambian government is now pursuing an economic diversification program to reduce the reliance on copper. This initiative seeks to exploit other components of Zambia’s rich resource base by promoting agriculture, tourism, gemstone mining, and hydro-power.
Zambia’s climate makes possible the cultivation of a wide range of crops including maize, tobacco, cotton, rice, wheat and groundnuts. The coffee produced here is of a very high quality.
Zambia is the land of the legendary African Walking Safari, home of the Victoria Falls, the mighty Zambezi River, breath-taking lakes and wetlands, a profusion of birds, abundant wildlife, and raw wilderness.
South Luangwa National Park
Initially established as a game reserve in 1938, South Luangwa was only officially declared a national park in 1971. At 9050 square kilometres it is Zambia’s second largest national park.
Situated at the end of the Great Rift Valley, the Luangwa valley is itself a rift valley. The steep banks of the Muchinga Escarpment form the parks western boundary and the Luangwa River forms most of the eastern boundary, with the exception of the Nsefu and Luamfwa sectors.
Flowing for over 800km from its source in the remote hills of north-eastern Zambia into the Zambezi, the Luangwa River is the lifeblood of the Luangwa Valley. As it winds along the valley floor creating oxbow lagoons and open plains, alluvial deposits have resulted in rich soils capable of supporting high quality grassland, woodland and forest.
This environment is capable of sustaining huge concentrations of game and the park hosts 60 different animal species and over 400 different bird species.
The South Luangwa National Park is not just an animal refuge, but a living, breathing ecosystem – carefully preserved and fiercely protected. No hunting is allowed in the National Park, and as a camp within the park we follow strict guidelines for eco-tourism.